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Cosmopolis Lunch Seminar with Nishtman Karimi (VUB)

20 December 2018 , Geography Dept. - Room F 4.66- (VUB - Pleinlaan 2, BE-1050 Brussels, Building F) from 12.00h to 13.30h

Patterns of an Organic Transition of a Water Management Regime; The case of Sanandaj county- Iran

The need to manage scarce resources, such as water in (semi) arid regions, is at the basis of particular management regimes, which are amenable to change in the long run. For example, over centuries, local people in (semi) arid areas succeeded to maintain sustainable levels of water supply through community governance of water as a common. However, as the population has increased and technological methods have improved, the commons were gradually abandoned. In this paper, we model the shift in water management regime in Iranian Kurdistan during the last century, which underwent fundamental changes. The model reveals how these transformative changes have induced water scarcity. The methodological framework was adopted from the existing frameworks of Institutional and Analysis Development (IAD), and Transition and Management. The main applied actions to demonstrate this transformation emanate from a review of formal and informal documents, and are validated through consulting of a local expert group. We find that the topical action arena has transformed from a rather straightforward and predictable pattern at the local scale, to a complex and unpredictable pattern at a large scale level. Therefore, the shift of the Iranian water management regime departed from an originally locally based cooperative water management regime into a predict and control water regime, in which water scarcity issues are often occurring due to governance issues rather than to water shortage. The developed model can provide a useful approach to understand transformative changes of resource management regimes in the face of a decline of common resources.

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